|Otsikko||Global Encyclopedia of Territorial Rights|
|Toimittajat||Kevin W. Gray|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 18 toukok. 2022|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A3 Vertaisarvioitu artikkeli kokoomateoksessa|
Svalbard is an Archipelago located between 74° and 81° N and between 10° and 35° E, that is, between the Norwegian mainland and the North Pole. The island group is also known collectively as Spitsbergen, although in contemporary usage that name is only used for the largest island while the archipelago as a whole is referred to as Svalbard. The islands are part of the Kingdom of Norway and are subject to a special legal regime under both international and Norwegian law that is based on the 1920 Svalbard Treaty. While extractive industries have long dominated the local economy, prior to the currently (2021) ongoing pandemic, Svalbard was becoming increasingly popular as a tourist destination, especially for the cruise ship industry.