Structural and substantive equality in Finnish higher education

Aktiviteetti: EsitelmäKonferenssiesitelmä


The situation of the academic profession in Finland is segregated in different ways in different institutions and different disciplines. In the disciplines of medicine, natural science and technical sciences, research funding enables better working conditions than in the most of the humanities and social sciences. A special feature of the Finnish system is that job security is better in teaching-oriented positions than in research positions. In universities of applied sciences, there are permanent employment relationships on all career ladders, while in universities there are fixed-term positions for the top two career ladders. Research performance and scholarly networks are success factors for those in their formative career stages in universities (Ortlieb & Weiss 2018). Universities of applied sciences focus on teaching, and research is emphasised more in universities in the early stages of a career, as senior positions are more general concerned with higher teaching loads. This affects how equality of opportunities and rights are realised in different higher education institutions. Practices, recruitment policies and management practices prevent or enhance the realisation of diversity and equality in higher education institutions. As evidence, in this paper APIKS we will analyse data with career advancement based on independent variables such as type of higher education institution, discipline, gender, working years in the academy and age cohort (Archer, 2008).
Based on these, we examined the time spent on teaching, engagement and research and its funding, participation in governance functions, and working conditions. We will look at how the position of the academic thesis has developed by five-year age cohorts based on national statistics and CAP and APIKS comparison data (Aarrevaara et al., 2021; APIKS-IDB, 2020). Our aim will be to interpret the APIKS data with the multivariable methods to the concepts of structural and substantive equality, according to the realisation of equality in a university or other higher education institutions depends on the disciplines, the management system, and rights and opportunities (Teichler et al., 2014). In this paper, we will examine the realisation of equality, diversity and non-discrimination in the academy by comparing the developments in the CAP and APIKS data from 2008 to 2018. These are the conditions for scholars in the formative years of their career and full-time PhD students. Who they are, how did they get onto the career path and how do they attach themselves to the academy?
Aikajakso24 tammik. 202326 tammik. 2023
Tapahtuman otsikkoThe academic profession moving forward: gender equality and early career researchers: Academic profession in the knowledge-based society (APIKS)
Tapahtuman tyyppiKonferenssi
SijaintiArica, ChileNäytä kartalla
Vaikuttavuus / laajuusKansainvälinen


  • substantive equality
  • structural equality
  • career paths
  • academic profession
  • Finland