Universities in the Knowledge Society: The Nexus of National Systems of Innovation and Higher Education

Timo Aarrevaara, Martin Finkelstein, Glen A. Jones, Jisun Jung

Research output: Book/ReportAnthologyScientificpeer-review


This book explores the complex, multi-faceted relationships between national research and innovation systems and higher education. The transition towards knowledge societies/economies is repositioning the role of the university and transforming the academic profession. The volume provides a foundational introduction to the concepts of knowledge society and knowledge economy, and these concepts ground the detailed case studies of eighteen systems, located across five continents. Each case study was written by a leading expert in that jurisdiction, and provides a critical analysis of the research and development infrastructure, the role of universities, and the implications for the academic profession. The book describes how nations in various geographic regions and at various stages of economic maturity are restructuring their university systems to adapt to the new imperatives, and provides a cross-case analysis identifying common themes and distinctive features.

In telling the story of higher education’s on-going global metamorphosis, the contributing authors place current developments in the context of the university’s historic evolution, survey the changing metrics that national governments are adopting to measure university performance, and describe a new international project, the Academic Profession in the Knowledge-based Society [APiKS] that involved a common survey of academics in more than twenty countries to take the pulse of developments “on the ground” while documenting the challenges confronting knowledge workers in the new economy.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
Number of pages436
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-76579-8
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-76578-1
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2021
MoEC publication typeC2 Edited books

Publication series

SeriesThe Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective


  • academic profession
  • innovation policies
  • innovation ecosystems
  • knowledge society
  • knowledge economy
  • comparative analysis
  • higher education
  • higher education reforms

Field of science

  • Administrative science


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