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This chapter introduces the foundational volume in Springer’s Changing Academy Series, previewing the results of the Academic Profession in the Knowledge-based Society [APIKS] global survey of 22 higher education systems. It begins by introducing the twin concepts of the knowledge society and the knowledge economy and provides a quick overview of the emerging literature, chronicling the transformation of the global economy and the associated pressures to reform and redesign higher education systems in its wake. We trace much that is common among those reforms globally, including declining public subsidies to the university, the introduction of new stakeholders into the academic enterprise, the decline in faculty control, the rise of academic management, new work pressures to be entrepreneurial, and focus on income-generating research activity. This is followed by eighteen chapters that provide case studies of the responses of 18 higher education systems to the new regime. The cases span five continents and various stages of economic development and wealth. The chapter concludes with a few emerging generalizations.
|Title of host publication||Universities in the Knowledge Society|
|Subtitle of host publication||The Nexus of National Systems of Innovation and Higher Education|
|Editors||Timo Aarrevaara, Martin Finkelstein, Glen A. Jones, Jisun Jung|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Sep 2021|
|MoEC publication type||A3 Part of a book or another research book|
|Series||The Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective|
Field of science
- Administrative science
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