Tracing Inclusive Education and its Prerequisites in the Finnish Education System

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter addresses two different factors that have impacted the evelopment of the Finnish basic education system. On the one hand, the Finnish education system has succeeded in taking steps to make its education system more socially just. Finnish legislation and norms have deepened the understanding of the characteristics of inclusive education by emphasising socio-constructivist learning, learning skills and social interaction and by paying attention to developing a collective and supportive school culture. On the other hand, the problems in large Finnish cities and in remote areas in northern Finland have been diverging and growing. The demand for cost-efficiency has been competing with the human values of education, which has caused educational
inequality in Finland. It has possibly also enhanced some misinterpretation of
inclusive education.
Original languageFinnish
Title of host publicationIntroduction to the Finnish Educational System
EditorsMerja Paksuniemi, Pigga Keskitalo
Place of PublicationLeiden
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-90-04-39427-8
ISBN (Print)978-90-04-39426-1, 978-90-04-39428-5
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2019
MoEC publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Field of science

  • General education

Citation for this output