The Role of Finnish Higher Education in the Innovation and Research System

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


This chapter introduces the Finnish higher education system as part of the national research, development and innovation system and international development of the knowledge economy. The two sectors of higher education are universities and universities of applied sciences. They act very similarly within the national research system, but both systems have their own strengths regarding research infrastructure, national tasks, stakeholder engagement, and research funding. Higher education institutions and their academic staff are key players in the innovation system, and this chapter presents a change in their operating environment during four reform stages of the Finnish higher education system since 1990. The two Finnish Higher education sectors have different career paths for work in the academy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUniversities in the Knowledge Society
Subtitle of host publicationThe nexus of National Systems of Innovation and Higher Education
EditorsTimo Aarrevaara, Martin Finkelstein, Glen A. Jones, Jisun Jung
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-76579-8
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-76578-1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2021
MoEC publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

SeriesThe Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective


  • Innovation policy
  • academic profession
  • higher education
  • doctoral education
  • academic careers

Field of science

  • Administrative science


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