Svalbard Treaty: Parties, Key Norms and Controversies

Stefan Kirchner, Timo Koivurova, Krittika Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia / dictionaryScientificpeer-review


Svalbard is an Archipelago located between 74° and 81° N and between 10° and 35° E, that is, between the Norwegian mainland and the North Pole. The island group is also known collectively as Spitsbergen, although in contemporary usage that name is only used for the largest island while the archipelago as a whole is referred to as Svalbard. The islands are part of the Kingdom of Norway and are subject to a special legal regime under both international and Norwegian law that is based on the 1920 Svalbard Treaty. While extractive industries have long dominated the local economy, prior to the currently (2021) ongoing pandemic, Svalbard was becoming increasingly popular as a tourist destination, especially for the cruise ship industry.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal Encyclopedia of Territorial Rights
EditorsKevin W. Gray
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-68846-6
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2022
MoEC publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Field of science

  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Svalbard Treaty: Parties, Key Norms and Controversies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Citation for this output