Responses of Scots pine needle surfaces to air pollutants

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisCollection of Articles

Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Oulu
  • Huttunen, Satu, Supervisor, External person
Place of PublicationOulu
Print ISBNs951-42-4264-5
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoEC publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


  • Pinus sylvestris (L.)
  • acid deposition
  • heavy metals
  • epicuticular wax
  • wettability
  • scannscanning electron microscopy

Field of science

  • Ecology, evolutionary biology

Citation for this output