Projects per year
This chapter deals with the research profession working in higher education, government, business enterprise, and non-profit private sectors. Research systems differ significantly in the degree to which their financial instruments are based on competition, in the application of uniform well-established standards and in how evaluation is carried out. In systems based on the Humboldtian tradition, research and teaching are integral university activities, while in the French tradition, separate non-teaching academies have played a significant role. The systems have a significant impact on which institutions the research profession operates in its research and experimental development roles. In different research systems, professions are modified through cross-profession and intra-profession boundaries. Professions generally seek legitimation of their work from an academic knowledge base that is internationalised and from the disciplinary knowledge base.
|Title of host publication||Research Handbook on Academic Careers and Managing Academics|
|Editors||Cláudia Sofia Sarrico Silva, Maria J. Rosa, Maria Teresa Carvalho|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Apr 2022|
|MoEC publication type||A3 Part of a book or another research book|
- academic profession
- non-profit research institutes
- public funded research institutes
- research institutes in industry
Field of science
- Administrative science
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01.08.2019 → 31.12.2019
Project: Co-funded project