Participation in play activities in the children’s peer culture

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6 Citations (Scopus)


This research describes the rules and ways of forming playgroups in the children’s peer culture. The data were obtained through observation by videoing children’s activities in various play situations. The data were analysed through ethnographic thick description by using microanalysis and participation framework. The analysis was focused on who could participate in play and what kind of behaviours inhibit participation. In addition, children’s actions in order to get in play activities were observed as a part of the children’s peer culture. To become included, four various methods were noticed: (1) Prowling the play activities; (2) Nonverbal communication; (3) Abstaining from critiquing; and (4) Showing enthusiasm and worming one’s way to play with a toy. Furthermore, tattlers, emotionally incompetent, or dominating children were not accepted in play activities. This research provides information and increases understanding about children’s behaviours and how to guide their emotional skills development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEarly child development and care
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Apr 2021
MoEC publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • early childhood education and care (ECE) centre
  • emotional intelligence
  • emotional skills
  • exclusion
  • participation
  • peer culture
  • Play

Field of science

  • General education


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