Nurturing Artificial Intelligence Literacy in Students with Diverse Cultural Backgrounds

Siu Cheung Kong, Satu-Maarit Korte, William Man-Yin Cheung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Recent advances in artificial intelligence have demonstrated the importance of nurturing artificial intelligence literacy among citizens of different backgrounds to shape future society. Distinct from the traditional approach focusing on programming, a module emphasising artificial intelligence concepts was delivered to 29 students at a Finnish university in the academic years 2021–2022 and 2022–2023. The students came from various European and Asian countries, with 76% of them reporting not knowing programming. The results of pre- and post-module surveys on artificial intelligence literacy and concepts tests demonstrated that through the module, the students acquired statistically significant improvements in their understanding of artificial intelligence concepts and their self-perceived level of artificial intelligence literacy. Through reflective writing before and after completing the module, the students shared a change in perception: from being uncertain about the relevance of artificial intelligence to daily life and inappropriately equating it with robotics before completing the module to understanding more about the working principles behind machine learning after completing the module. In addition to the favourable evaluations from the students, this article reports the positive results of a concept-focused approach to nurturing artificial intelligence literacy among university students from multiple cultural backgrounds.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovative Technologies and Learning
Subtitle of host publication6th International Conference, ICITL 2023, Porto, Portugal, August 28–30, 2023, Proceedings
EditorsYueh-Min Huang, Tânia Rocha
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-40113-8
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-40112-1
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Aug 2023
MoEC publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Innovative Technologies and Learning: 6th International Conference - POrto Palácio Hotel, Porto, Portugal
Duration: 28 Aug 202330 Aug 2023

Publication series

SeriesLecture Notes in Computer Science


ConferenceInternational Conference on Innovative Technologies and Learning
Abbreviated titleICITL 2023
Internet address


  • Artificial Intelligence Literacy
  • Cultural Background
  • Machine Learning

Field of science

  • Media education


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