Land-use and climate related drivers of change in the reindeer management system in Finland: Geography of perceptions

Sirpa Rasmus, Henri Wallen, Minna Turunen, Mia Landauer, Juho Tahkola, Mikko Jokinen, Sauli Laaksonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Drivers of change in the reindeer management system are rather well-known. But when developing the governance to support the traditional livelihoods, it is crucial to understand also practitioner perceptions. Systematic research on these is lacking. We analyzed the land-use and climate related drivers within the reindeer management area (RMA) in Finland, and, using a perception geography approach, studied the herder perceptions towards these. We conducted an on-site questionnaire survey with herders from 51 herding districts. Factors directly affecting the welfare of reindeer were perceived as crucial by herders, for example basal icing affecting the forage availability, and land-use related factors limiting the seasonal pasture access. Perceptions of herders on biophysical factors were rather homogeneous. The regional heterogeneities in perceptions towards land-use related factors could be explained by spatial differences in land-use and varying herding traditions. Cumulative land-use impacts raised particular concerns. Our approach can be utilized in the co-planning of the northern land-use and more widely in the co-management of natural resources.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102501
JournalApplied Geography
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021
MoEC publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Cumulative effects
  • Land use
  • Northern fennoscandia
  • Practitioner knowledge
  • Reindeer husbandry

Field of science

  • Geosciences

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