Land Use and Access in Protected Areas: A Hunter’s View of Flexibility

Akonwi Ayonghe, Ngoindong Majory Atong

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Anthropologists sometimes ask what flexible practices mean when used in instances of land use and access among protected area regimes which control the land and the indigenous or local people who claim rights to the land. In the Mount Cameroon National Park (MCNP),West Africa, this question comes with urgency because of the historical disputes associated with defining access and user-rights to land within this park. In this case, we present an ethnographic study using a transect walk with a native Bakweri hunter to map and analyze his opinions about land use and access into the park. The findings show that, despite State prohibitions for this park, customary practices still occur for mutual reasons, whereas, in situations of disputes, other practices continue on the land unnoticed. We conclude that this flexibility is indicative of reciprocal negotiations and cultural resilience that preserve not only the biodiversity of the park but also the culturally relevant needs of people.
Original languageEnglish
Article number481
Pages (from-to)1-15
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2020
MoEC publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • anthropology
  • land use and access
  • flexibility
  • Bakweri
  • Mount Cameroon National Park
  • protected areas
  • conservation
  • Protected areas
  • Mount cameroon national park
  • Conservation
  • Anthropology
  • Flexibility
  • Land use and access

Field of science

  • Social anthropology


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