Food Security Challenges in Europe in the Context of the Prolonged Russian–Ukrainian Conflict

Mohammad Fazle Rabbi, Tarek Ben Hassen , Hamid El Bilali, Dele Raheem, Antonio Raposo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

10 Downloads (Pure)


The ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, two major agricultural powers, has numerous severe socio-economic consequences that are presently being felt worldwide and that are undermining the functioning of the global food system. The war has also had a profound impact on the European food system. Accordingly, this paper examines the implications of the ongoing conflict on food security pillars (viz. availability, access, use, stability) in European countries and considers potential strategies for addressing and mitigating these effects. The paper highlights that the food supply in Europe does not seem to be jeopardized since most European countries are generally self-sufficient in many products. Nonetheless, the conflict might impact food access and production costs. Indeed, the European agricultural industry is a net importer of several commodities, such as inputs and animal feed. This vulnerability, combined with the high costs of inputs such as fertilizers and energy, creates production difficulties for farmers and threatens to drive up food prices, affecting food affordability and access. Higher input prices increase production costs and, ultimately, inflation. This may affect food security and increase (food) poverty. The paper concludes that increasing food aid, ensuring a stable fertilizer supply, imposing an energy price cap, initiating a farmer support package, switching to renewable energy sources for cultivation, changing individual food behaviors, lifting trade restrictions, and political stability can safeguard food security pillars and strengthen the resilience of the European food system.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4745
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2023
MoEC publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • food security
  • food security pillars
  • food supply
  • food
  • energy
  • conflict
  • Russia
  • Ukraine
  • war

Field of science

  • International political science


Dive into the research topics of 'Food Security Challenges in Europe in the Context of the Prolonged Russian–Ukrainian Conflict'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Citation for this output