Finnish student teachers’ ideas of outdoor learning

Ilkka Ratinen, Erika Sarivaara, Pirjo Kuukkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


A reformed national curriculum has introduced transformative and sociocultural learning elements to the Finnish education system. In addition, sustainability and outdoor education remain pressing issues for Finnish educators. We conducted a content analysis of the views of outdoor education held by student teachers enrolled in first-year sustainability and outdoor education courses in Finland (n = 46). The goal was to identify the learning environments and pedagogical ideas of student teachers. The student teachers emphasised the role of nature in outdoor education and identified locality as an important learning environment. Their surrounding environments included both built and unbuilt environments. The teaching methods they wrote were appropriate outdoor education, active learning, participatory learning, making observations and multidisciplinary learning especially for sustainability issues. Notably, technology and digitalisation were not emphasised in the results. Overall, the student teachers had a strong preliminary knowledge of outdoor learning spaces and clear visions for conducting outdoor education.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021
MoEC publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • outdoor education
  • sustainability
  • student teacher´ideas
  • learning environment
  • finnish core curriculum

Field of science

  • General education


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