Evaluation of Evidence in Dark Web Drug Cases: The Approach of the Finnish Supreme Court

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


The dark web has become a popular platform for the sale of illegal drugs. Individual cases regularly come to the attention of the criminal justice system when envelopes and parcels containing drugs are intercepted in customs inspections. In such a situation, the main evidence against the alleged buyer consists of the addressee information on the mail item. The addressee may claim to be unaware of someone ordering drugs using their name and address, and evidence relating to the activity on the dark web itself is typically lacking. The Supreme Court of Finland has recently decided two such cases with different outcomes. In this paper, the approach of the Supreme Court is analyzed in an effort to clarify the decisive factors in such cases and to consider the strengths and weaknesses of this approach.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVerantwortungsbewusste Digitalisierung / Responsible Digitalization
Subtitle of host publicationTagungsband des 23. Internationalen Rechtsinformatik Symposions IRIS 2020 / Proceedings of the 23rd International Legal Informatics Symposium IRIS 2020
EditorsErich Schweighofer, Walter Hötzendorfer, Franz Kummer, Ahti Saarenpää
Place of PublicationBern
PublisherEditions Weblaw
ISBN (Print)978-3-96698-589-5
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoEC publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternationales Rechtsinformatik Symposion IRIS 2020: Verantwortungsbewusste Digitalisierung - Universität Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
Duration: 27 Feb 202029 Feb 2020

Publication series

SeriesEditions Weblaw II, Colloquium


ConferenceInternationales Rechtsinformatik Symposion IRIS 2020
Abbreviated titleIRIS 2020
Internet address


  • Dark Web
  • Tor
  • Narcotics
  • Evidence
  • Burden of Explanation

Field of science

  • Law


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