Emotion, memory and re-collective value: Shared festival experiences

Emma Wood, Maarit Kinnunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)
207 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: This study aims to explore how emotionally rich collective experiences create lasting, shareable memories, which influence future behaviours. In particular, the role of others and of music in creating value through memories is considered using the concept of socially extended emotions. Design/methodology/approach: Over 250 narratives were gathered from festival attendees in the UK and Finland. Respondents completed a writing task detailing their most vivid memories, what made them memorable, their feelings at the time and as they remembered them, and how they shared them. The narratives were then analysed thematically. Findings: Collective emotion continues to be co-created long after the experience through memory-sharing. The music listened to is woven through this extension of the experience but is, surprisingly, not a critical part of it. The sociality of the experience is remembered most and was key to the memories shared afterwards. The added value of gathering memorable moments, and being able to share them with others, is clearly evidenced. Practical implications: The study highlights the importance of designing events to create collective emotional moments that form lasting memories. This emphasizes the role of post-experience marketing and customer relationship building to enhance the value that is created customer-to-customer via memory sharing. Originality/value: The research addresses the lack of literature exploring post-event experience journeys and the collective nature of these. It also deepens a theoretical understanding of the role of time and sociality in the co-creation and extension of emotions and their value in hospitality consumption. A model is proposed to guide future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1275-1298
JournalInternational Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2020
MoEC publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Co-creation
  • Consumer behaviour
  • Experience marketing
  • Festivals
  • Music and memory

Field of science

  • Tourism research


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