Educational and business co-operatives: the channels for collective creativity and entrepreneurial teams

Rauno Tapio Rusko, Suvi Lenita Hietanen, Krista Leena Kohtakangas, Riitta Kemppainen-Koivisto, Katta Siltavirta, Taina Järvi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


It is increasingly common to establish co-operatives not only for business purposes but also for the purpose of teaching collaboration practices in business. This chapter investigates and compares traditional business co-operatives and educational co-operatives as the environments of entrepreneurial learning communities. The data, which consists of interviews with members of both types of co-operatives, have been analyzed through a content analysis. The main outcomes show that in both types of co-operatives, a sense of community and creativity are manifested as parts of the learning process. When examining the development of collective creativity and if the learning processes were manifested as single- and double-loop learning, some differences were observed between educational co-operatives and business co-operatives.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCollective Creativity for Responsible and Sustainable Business Practice
EditorsZiska Fields
Place of PublicationHershey
PublisherIGI Global
ISBN (Electronic)9781522518242
ISBN (Print)9781522518235
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
MoEC publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book


  • collective creativity
  • business co-operative
  • educational co-operative
  • entrepreneurial learning process
  • single- and double-loop learning

Field of science

  • Business and management
  • General education


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