Basal dynamics of Kronebreen, a fast-flowing tidewater glacier in Svalbard: non-local spatio-temporal response to water input

Dorothée Vallot, Rickard Pettersson, Adrian Luckman, Douglas I. Benn, Thomas Zwinger, Ward J. J. van Pelt, Jack Kohler, Martina Schäfer, Björn Claremar, Nicholas R. J. Hulton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluate the variability in basal friction for Kronebreen, Svalbard, a fast-flowing tidewater glacier. We invert 3 years (2013–15) of surface velocities at high temporal resolution (generally 11 days), to estimate the changing basal properties of the glacier. Our results suggest that sliding behaviour of Kronebreen within a year is primarily influenced by changes in water input patterns during the meltwater season and basal friction is highly variable from a year to another. At present, models usually employ parameterisations to encompass the complex physics of glacier sliding by mathematically simulate their net effect. For such ice masses with strong seasonal variations of surface melt, the spatio-temporal patterns of basal friction imply that it is neither possible nor appropriate to use a parameterisation for bed friction that is fixed in space and/or time, at least in a timescale of a few years. Basal sliding may not only be governed by local processes such as basal topography or summer melt, but also be mediated by factors that vary over a larger distance and over a longer time period such as subglacial hydrology organisation, ice-thickness changes or calving front geometry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1024
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Glaciology
Volume63
Issue number242
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoEC publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Arctic glaciology
  • glacier modelling
  • ice dynamics
  • ice velocity
  • subglacial processes

Field of science

  • Geosciences

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