An integrative framework for sustainability evaluation in tourism: applying the framework to tourism product development in Finnish Lapland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adoption of sustainable practices has become widespread in tourism and has led to the proliferation of sustainability evaluation tools. They focus mainly on measuring outcomes, making scientific expertise an essential part of evaluations. This study argues that involving stakeholders throughout the evaluation process is essential if evaluation is to play a role in promoting the necessary understanding of sustainability to address the ecological and social concerns within a tourism setting. Drawing upon multi-stakeholder thinking, ethics, the Bellagio Principles and action research, this paper introduces a theoretical and methodological framework for engaging tourism organisations in collaboration with stakeholders in planning and implementing sustainability evaluations.

The application of the framework is illustrated using a study of tourism product development, involving a group of eight craft-based entrepreneurs and their stakeholders in Finnish Lapland. A focus is placed on using ethical theories to promote dialogue and critical reflection and to expose the plurality of moral orientations behind the multiple views of sustainable tourism. Through discourse analysis, four moral discourses, ethical egoism, utilitarianism, deontology and virtue ethics, are constructed and examined. The paper shows how each influences the various ways in which stakeholders perceive sustainable tourism and the practical outcomes of the process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-416
JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoEC publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • SUSTAINABILITY
  • evaluation
  • stakeholders
  • tourism product development
  • ethics
  • action research

Field of science

  • Tourism research
  • Business and management

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