Adaptation to climate change in Finland: Current state and future prospects

Mikael Hildén, Päivi Tikkakoski, Jaana Sorvali, Ilona Mettiäinen, Janina Käyhkö , Meeri Helminen, Helena Määttä, Kati Berninger, Päivi Meriläinen, Sami Ahonen, Joonas Kolstela, Sirkku Juhola, Oras Tynkkynen, Hilppa Gregow, Fanny Groundstroem, Jaana I. Halonen, Johan Munck af Rosenschöld, Heikki Tuomenvirta, Tim Carter, Heikki LehtonenAnna Luomaranta, Antti Mäkelä

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


The KOKOSOPU project has aimed at a comprehensive evaluation of the national adaptation policy with particular emphasis on the National Adaptation Plan and international policy development. In addition, future challenges related to societal development have been taken into account. Projections of climate change, Finland’s Climate Act and the strengthened adaptation policy in the EU emphasise the importance of the national adaptation policy. A key objective of the National Adaptation Plan 2014–2022 was to strengthen the adaptive capacity of Finnish society. This objective is still relevant.

The conditions for reaching the objective have, however, partly changed. First, cross border consequences of climate change are increasingly emphasised. Second, issues of justice and fairness with respect to the consequences of climate change and adaptation actions are being identified as central. Third, greater weight is given to the overall sustainability of adaptation and climate action.

The changing conditions for climate change adaptation should be reflected in the allocation of resources, in improved coordination within the administration and in co-operation between the public and private sector. In addition, knowledge and education should be enhanced, and resources provided for RDI, and for monitoring and evaluation that supports continued improvement of adaptation activities.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherValtioneuvoston kanslia
Number of pages142
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-383-118-6
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoEC publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesPublications of the Government’s analysis, assessment and research activities


  • adaptation
  • policy
  • adaptation policy
  • Finland
  • climate change
  • climate change adaptation§
  • governance

Field of science

  • Social and economic geography
  • Environmental sciences


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