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Personal profile

Research interests

I am the author of The Euro Crisis and Constitutional Pluralism: Financial Stability but Constitutional Inequality (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021). My work has been published in top journals such as the Common Market Law Review and the European Law Review. Since 2020, I am the co-editor of the Finnish branch of Retfaerd together with Soili Nystén-Haarala. Furthermore, I have co-authored the leading Finnish textbook on EU law (Juha Raitio – Tomi Tuominen: Euroopan unionin oikeus. Alma Talent, 2020. xxvi+995 pp).

I have been on several research visits: first during my PhD studies at the Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance (Amsterdam, 2015) and the European University Institute (Florence, 2017), and then later as a postdoctoral researcher at the Europa Institute (Leiden, 2019) and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg, 2020).

I have delivered expert opinions to the Finnish Parliament’s Constitutional Law Committee and the Grand Committee (i.e. committee of EU affairs) on issues related to the development of the Economic and Monetary Union. Moreover, I have been the national rapporteur for both the FIDE congress and the European Law Institute.

I am available for consultations and interviews relating to the Economic and Monetary Union, constitutional aspects of EU law, and the effects of EU membership on the Finnish Constitution.


My current work focuses on the following themes:

  • European constitutionalism: Interaction between the Member States’ constitutional orders and the European Union’s constitutional order and the interface between law and politics, specifically from the perspective of comparative institutionalism and comparative constitutional law.
  • Economic and Monetary Union: Constitutional aspects of the development of the Economic and Monetary Union, especially the link between the EMU and other policy areas.
  • The legal theory and political economy of the European Union: How to increase our understanding of the European Union as a polity and EU law through legal theory, philosophy and political economy?
  • Knowledge-based society and knowledge-based decision-making: The paradigm of a knowledge-based society conceals the use of power into the supposedly neutral application of scientific expert knowledge, which poses problems with regards to the judicial application of law and judicial review.
  • Sustainability transitions: In order to reach set sustainability goals a transition to sustainable production and consumption patterns is required. The law can both enable and constrain such transitions
  • Security of supply and EU internal market rules: How can the European Union help in securing the availability of critical supplies in a crisis?


Updated 23 June 2021.

Field of science

  • Law


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